On November 10, 1483, in Eisleben, Saxony, which is now southeast Germany, Martin Luther was born. A devout Christian and learned theologian, Luther joined the Augustinian Abbey in Erfurt in 1505. He grew more doubtful of the Church’s doctrines: How could people be atoned for through money? Why was the Bible written before the Pope’s words? In the 16th century, Luther launched the protestant reformation while seeking answers to all of these questions. He quickly rose to prominence as one of the most significant and divisive figures in Christian history.
2. Luther’s educational journey
The ancestors of Martin Luther were peasants. Hans had thus been successful in his mining and ore preparation ventures. In 1484, Luther’s family relocated to Mansfeld, which is close to Eisleben (the location of his father Hans’ ore deposits).
Hans Luther, his father, had come to believe that mining was difficult work and that he ought to have a rewarding career. She wanted him to become a lawyer because of this. At the age of seven, Martin Luther started attending school in Mansfeld. Martin Luther relocated to Magdeburg at the age of 14 to continue his studies. In 1498, he went back to Eisleben and enrolled in a grammar and logic academy.
Martin Luther enrolled at the University of Erfurt in 1501, where he studied grammar, logic, rhetoric, and metaphysics to earn a master’s degree. He had thought about going into law. But on his journey to becoming a priest, he eventually ends up working as a theology professor at Wittenberg University.
3. What led Martin Luther to enlist in the clergy?
Luther underwent a transformational experience in July 1505, which set him on a new course toward ordination. The worst storm of Luther’s life caught him off guard. “If St. Anne saves me from this storm, I will be a priest,” the miner’s guardian cried out to St. Anne. He knew he had to make a choice even though he could not follow his father’s wishes because he was a priest. He believed that living in a monastery could lead to salvation because he was terrified of hell and the wrath of God.
4. Reformation and enlightenment
He had a difficult time adjusting to life in the monastery during the first few years. He still didn’t know how to enlighten the religion he was looking for. He is advised by a mentor to center his attention on Christ, which will give him the direction he seeks.
Luther had the chance to represent the Catholic church at a conference in Rome when he was 27 years old. The immorality and corruption he had seen among the Catholic priests there had disappointed him. He returned to Germany and enrolled in the University of Wittenberg to calm his turbulent spirit. He continued his education, received his doctorate, and joined the university as a professor of theology.
When Luther visited Rome in 1510, he was once more able to see how Roman Catholicism had degenerated into a means of profit under the guise of indulgence. As a result of all these bad experiences, Luther posted 95 theses on the Wittenberg University door in 1517. In addition, Luther sent a photocopy of it to Albert Albrecht, the archbishop of Mainz, stating that religion should not be turned into a business. Copies of the 95 Theses were printed and distributed, reaching every corner of Germany in two weeks and all of Europe in two months. Luther understood that no one can be condemned for their religious beliefs.
The Church responded negatively to Luther’s suggestion for this challenge. With the approval of the pope, Martin Luther ordered the recall and burning of his 95 Theses during a meeting with Cardinal Thomas Cajetan in Augsburg in October 1518. Luther vehemently defended his writing, declaring that he would not return unless his thesis was found to be false.
Martin Luther carried on with his writing and teaching at Wittenberg after the publication of his 95 Theses. They informed Luther that he had no authority to interpret the Bible in June and July of 1519. It was also noted that collecting published theses was impossible. Finally, in 1520, the Pope gave Luther until June 15 to resign in order to avert the crisis. In January 1521, Martin Luther formally left the Roman Catholic Church.
The Council forbade Luther’s writings in May 1521 and labeled him a “convicted heretic.” He became a wanted man as a result of these condemnations. But his friends assisted in keeping Luther secret in Wartburg Castle. He had the chance to write to Luther at this point, who had also translated the New Testament into German so that people could read the words of God.
He wrote about the absurdity of confession, the corruption of rituals, and the difficulties of monastic life.
In May 1522, Martin Luther returned to Eisenach’s Wittenberg Castle Church despite the possibility of being detained in order to establish the new religion, Lutheranism. many admirers The German princes backed him after he won. In 1524, a peasant rebellion started. The peasants’ response was motivated more by economic issues than by religious considerations. Luther was not what the peasants expected to find with them. However, Luther dissented from the peasants’ uprising.
He works to make his church stronger.
5. Luther’s union was an uprising.
Former nun Katharina Von Bora, who fled the nunnery in 1525 and sought safety in Wittenberg, marries Martin Luther. This action was also essentially a defiance of the prohibition against nuns and priests getting married. Within a short time, Luther gave birth to six kids.
Luther, the man who bought hell
Luther experiences a comparable incident while he is on trial in the inquest court. The Inquisitors were told by Luther, “You sell heaven, but why not hell?”
Judge: “Who buys if we sell,” in jest.
Luther: “I’ll take it and pay whatever you want.”
The judge declared, “I won’t ask for money; I’ll give it without charge.”
And the judges sentence Luther to hell while laughing aloud.
As eager onlookers waited in front of the courthouse, Luther displayed the title deed and declared, “Now I own Hell. Here is what I did. And going forward, I won’t let anyone into my Hell!
People were shouting in celebration. To enter heaven, one no longer needed to purchase a place with money.
7. What impact did the Reformation have on society?
While the Reformation was initially successful in the northern regions of Europe, it later had an impact on southern nations with Catholic populations, such as Poland and Lithuania. In the end, Protestantism migrated from Europe to the rest of the world. There are thought to be 400 million Protestants in the world today, representing a variety of denominations. Baptists, Adventists, and Quakers, among other Protestant denominations, have a significant influence on how the United States is shaped today. Both daily life and the economy have been impacted by this. Evangelicalism is one of the most ultra-conservative radical Protestant denominations in the US today. Evangelicals can be found today in South America and nations with a strong Catholic tradition. In South Africa, there is also a sizable Protestant population, whose roots can be traced to colonialism. Examples include Ghana in the west, Tanzania and Uganda in the east, and Zimbabwe in the south of Africa. Asia’s South Korea also has a sizable known Protestant population.
8. How does the world celebrate the anniversary of the Reformation and Enlightenment?
It was divided into ten-year celebrations in honor of the 500th anniversary of the Reformation by the Protestant Church in Germany. Luther’s Decade, which started in 2008, is commemorated annually with a different theme related to the Reformation.
The Bible and painting in 2015, politics and the Reformation in 2014, and “Reformation and music” in 2012 are a few examples.
A national “public holiday” was also declared for the first time on Reformation Day, which fell on October 31, 2017.
A number of activities and exhibitions are also planned as part of the anniversary.
With the theme “Reformation in All Its Violence,” three unique national exhibitions shed light on various facets of this historical process:
The effects of the Berlin Reformation globally (“Luther Effect”),
The impressions that young Luther made on Wittenberg residents (“Luther 95 Treasure 95 Men”)
How historical events have affected Eisenach’s perception of the German Reformer (“Luther and the Germans”)
There are exhibits and subject options.
9. Martin Luther King Jr.’s passing
Martin Luther served as the University of Wittenberg’s theological dean from 1533 to 1546. He is afflicted with a number of illnesses at this time, including arthritis, heart problems, and digestive issues.
While visiting his hometown of Eisleben, Germany, on February 18, 1546, Martin Luther passed away at the age of 62.
In a lavish funeral, his body was brought to Wittenberg, where it was interred in the church where his thesis was originally posted.
Works: Table Talk, the Large Catechism, Christian Liberty, and Luther’s 95 Theses
Martin Luther’s quotations;
We will either come to understand how to live as brothers or we will all die together as fools.
“Take your pen and begin writing if you want to change the world.”
“The human heart is like a millstone; left unattended, it will grind itself.
“There is no tax on ideas.”
“Liars are like snowballs; they keep getting bigger as they roll.”
The moon is your target; if you miss, you’ll strike the stars.
In the end, we will remember our friends’ silence more than our enemies’ words.
Children do not discriminate against people because they are ignorant of race or religion. Their only standard is love. The adults teach them to hate.