On August 23, 1769, in the city of Montbeliart, in the Kingdom of Würtemberg, Georges Cuvier was born. This city is currently located within French territory.
His father, a former lieutenant in the Swiss Army, is Jean George Cuvier, and his mother is Clémence Chatel. Physically frail and troubled as a child, Georges Cuvier. His mother spent a lot of time with him to make sure he developed both physically and intellectually. When he was four years old, his mother began teaching him how to read. Georges studied Latin in elementary school and enrolled in high school at the age of ten. His favorite subjects—Latin, Greek, Geography, Mathematics, and History—were among his strongest. His parents wished for him to lead the congregation.
Georges started reading Louis Buffon’s Natural History one day while visiting his uncle at his home. He switched his academic focus from history to natural history after reading the book. Georges was called before the court when he was 14 years old by Duke Charles, the King’s uncle. His sketches were well received. He assured Georges that he would provide a scholarship for her to attend Stuttgart’s Caroline Academy. Georges was unable to speak German when he got to Stuttgart. He did, however, take home the prize in the academy’s first-ever German language competition after only a year.
Georges was constantly reading and doing research while meticulously examining almost everything. His passion for natural history persisted, and he continued to collect books by the most eminent researchers, such as Carolus Linnaeus. He also made drawings of birds, plants, and insects in addition to collecting plants. The daily schedules at Caroline University differ greatly from those of students attending a contemporary university. Students in academies are required to adhere to military discipline. However, the academy offers top-notch instruction as well. Georges Cuvier, one of Caroline University’s top graduates after four years, graduated with honors.
Cuvier started working as a teacher in Caen, a town in Normandy, in 1788. Within two years, he started contrasting the skeletons of contemporary organisms with those of fossils. By observing the similarities between the fossilized creatures’ bones and those of contemporary animals, he came to the realization that he could learn a lot about their structural makeup. Paris was reached by Cuvier’s accounts of comparative studies. Cuvier was given the position of assistant by Jean-Claude Mertrud, head of comparative anatomy at the vast Jardin des Plantes botanical garden, in 1795. Cuvier was chosen to join the French Academy of Sciences in the same year. He began giving lectures at various universities in 1796.
The National Institute heard a reading of Georges Cuvier’s first research paper in 1796, which noted that mammoth bones were distinct from those of contemporary elephants. He clarified that there are three different species of elephants, including African elephants, Indian elephants, and mammoths. He persuaded scientists that because mammoths were too big to be hidden from modern eyes, they had to have gone extinct. After achieving this scientific triumph, Cuvier earned the moniker “The Mammoth.” It has also located a fourth extinct elephant family member.
Scholars have taken notice of Georges Cuvier’s following academic statement. The number, orientation, and shape of the bones that make up each part of an animal’s body are opposed to all other parts. is always in a necessary relationship, which, up to a point, can deduce the other from anyone or vice versa. Comparative anatomy has advanced to the point where it can usually determine the class and sometimes even the genus of the creature to which a given bone belongs.
Cuvier’s observations of fossils have led to the theory that our planet has been subject to occasionally violent events; he described these events as revolutions. Cuvier’s best-known work is The Animal Kingdom, first published in 1817. the book is Cuvier’s comprehensive compendium of fossils and species, and includes more than 300 of Cuvier’s observations.
The fact that Ancient Egyptian mummified animals, which are known to be thousands of years old, were identical to modern animals, led Cuvier to become a friend of Napoleon Bonaparte, which led to his appointment to a number of prominent scientific roles. In 1819, Cuvier joined the French society and was given the title of “Membre de la Societé” (Member of the Society), which meant that he was now a member of the French society.
Georges Cuvier, 13 MayHe passed away from cholera in 1832 in Paris, France, at the age of 62.