Elias Compton, his father, served as the dean of Wooster College. Otelia Augspurger, his mother, is a college graduate, a former teacher, and a former member of the board of children’s homes. She was selected as the USA’s Golden Mother of the Year in 1939. At Wooster Preparatory School, Arthur began his educational and training career when he was 14 years old. Arthur was raised in a home full of books by educated parents and quickly took an interest in science. especially in opposition to power lights and astronomy.
At the age of 12, Arthur read an astronomy book and bought himself a telescope. His initial telescope lacked significant power. He was delighted to discover that Saturn was the unusually shaped heaven he had been seeking. Its telescope lacked the power to distinguish Saturn’s surface. At the age of 17, Arthur used his homemade camera to capture the Comet in 1910. He kept that image for the rest of his life as a priceless possession.
At the age of 15, Arthur developed an interest in the Wright Brothers’ flights. He created and constructed a model airplane out of paper-covered wooden frames that was the size of himself. With a physics bachelor’s degree, Arthur Compton enrolled at Wooster University and concentrated on experimentation rather than theory. Compton enrolled at Princeton University in 1913 to pursue graduate engineering studies. He did a master’s in physics during his first year, though. With a thesis titled “The intensity of x-ray reflection in physics and the distribution of electrons in atoms,” he received his Princeton degree in 1914. Later, he was employed by the University of Minnesota as a lecturer. He came to the realization that his true calling was pure science while working for Westinghouse rather than business research.
Compton was given the opportunity to conduct postdoctoral research at Cambridge University’s renowned Cavendish Laboratory in 1919 thanks to a prestigious fellowship. He studied the scattering and absorption of gamma rays there and made friends with Ernest Rutherford and J. Thomson, who discovered the electron and the atomic nucleus. Compton returned to the country in 1920 after being appointed Head of the Physics Department at Washington University. Compton discovered in 1922 that X-rays were altered by interacting with electrons. Compton discovered that multiple electrons do not interact with a single X-ray beam. These atoms were given the name light photons by Compton. Einstein’s explanation of the photoelectric effect was proven to be accurate by Compton’s experiment.
Many physicists have rejected the idea that interacting with electrons can change the frequency and wavelength of light, and subsequently the electron. Arthur Compton’s discovery of the Compton Effect earned him the 1927 Nobel Prize in Physics.
In order to track cosmic rays, Compton organized expeditions from the University of Chicago, where he was appointed professor in 1923. He and his family have traveled nearly 40,000 kilometers, stopping in places like New Zealand, India, Australia, and the far north of Canada.
Luis Alvarez, a graduate student at Compton, set up several Geiger counters in 1932 to investigate cosmic rays. Cosmic rays are positively charged particles, according to a 1933 Physical Review article by Alvarez and Compton. Compton also received the Medal of Merit for his contributions during the war.
In 1945, when the atomic bomb was finished, Compton went back to Washington University. He was appointed Chancellor of Washington University in 1946, and at the age of 62, he retired. Up until 1961, he was still employed as a physics professor.
Internal bleeding caused Arthur Compton’s death on March 15, 1962, in California at the age of 69.