Abdulhak Hamit Tarhan who is he?

Abdulhak Hamit Tarhan

abdulhak hamit tarhan

Abdulhak Hamit Tarhan

An thinker who made significant contributions to the revitalization and modernization of Turkish literature is Abdülhak Hamit Tarhan, one of the most significant poets and theatrical performers of the second generation of Tanzimat literature. The poet, who was born in 1852, came from an affluent family on his father’s side. Abdulhak Molla II, his grandpa. He was Abdülmecid’s primary healthcare provider. His father is a statesman and a historian. His early schooling was received at home. Their home resembles a cultural hub. The poet, who comes from a westernized family, lived in an educated neighborhood. He studied under figures like Evliya Hoca, Baha’u’llah, and Hoca Tahsin Efendi. When he eventually returned to Istanbul, he studied at the American College before traveling to Paris with his older brother Nasuhi Bey. He traveled to Iran with his father, who had been named the Tehran ambassador and had previously served as a clerk at the Paris embassy and in other capacities at the embassies in Mumbai, London, and Brussels. After the Republic was established in 1923, Abdülhak Hamid, who was also a member of the Ayan Assembly, continued to serve as an Istanbul representative until 1928. In 1937, the poet perished.
The poet attended numerous literary schools up until the Republic while adhering to the ideals of the second generation of Tanzimat literature, but was not admitted to any of them. Duhter-i Hindu is the poet’s first significant composition; he began composing poetry at the age of 18. Before traveling to India, he wrote this allegorical work with an Indian setting. In Duhter-i Hindu, he strongly denounced the Abdulaziz government using regional characteristics. It is evident that the verse poet “Tagannum” attempted the Western poetry style in this work. He maintained this mindset throughout his piece Sahra. The poet, who was obviously influenced by French literature like as Racine, Musset, and Voltaire, was mimicked by Namk Kemal and Recaizade Mahmut Ekrem. The prologue to the lengthy poem Makber that he penned after the passing of his wife Fatma Hanm is equally significant. The poet outlined his poetic philosophies, or poetics, in the preface. Makber, which included the agonizing sobs of a poet who was unable to ignore death, changed the apathetic attitude toward death in traditional Ottoman writing. The poet who examines and considers death; He gave life to numerous emotions and ideas, including disobedience, criticism of fate, and melancholy. In some ways, Makber is a work that pushes the boundaries of philosophy. Poems by the poet, including “Kabr-i Selim-i Evveli Visit,” “Kürsi-i stirak,” and “Külbe-i ştiyak,” stood out.

The poet, also known as “air-i azam,” played a part in modernizing Turkish poetry. The poet, who introduced philosophical vision to Turkish poetry, painted magnificent depictions of nature and brought a broad geographic perspective to his poetry and theater. He employed the aruz meter in a variety of poetic styles, and by breaking his lines, he was able to enjoy the freedom of the meter. Several of his poems also made use of syllables. Ahbulhak Hamid, whose artwork reflects opposites, wrote poems on nature and love under the influence of J. J. Rousseua. He produced numerous lyric poems. He enjoyed using a stronger language in some of his works while using a more straightforward one in others. He created works of art for artistic purposes. The poet, who also created plays, occasionally employed the aruz meter in his plays. Theater was written by the poet, who specializes in mythology and historical plays, to be read more. Sahara (1879), Makber (1885), Dead (1885), Hacle (1885), Belde (1885), This Is It (1885), Baladan Bir Ses (1912), Garam (1923), Inspiration (1913), Validem (1913), lham- Vatan (1916), and Foreign Friends are just a few examples of poetry volumes (1924). Theaters: Adventure-y Aşk (prose, 1873), Sabr u Sebat (prose, 1875), çli Kz (prose, 1875), Duhter-i Hindu (prose, 1876), Nazife (verse, 1876), Nesteren (verse, verse, 1878), Tark or the Conquest of Andalusia (verse, 1879), Tezer (verse, 1880), Eşber (verse, 18 (verse). His memoirs and correspondence have also been published, in addition to these books.


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